People with diabetes may have a lot of blood sugar (aka blood glucose) all the time. A long-term habit like this can hurt your body and cause a whole lot of other problems.
It’s called glycaemia (blood sugar level), blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level. It’s when the blood sugar level is too high, and it can happen to anyone. It takes a lot of sugar to make glycogen, which is stored in cells in the body’s muscles and liver. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that controls how much glucose cells can take in.
How much sugar should be in the blood? Then, why is high blood sugar so bad for you? The levels you have have an effect on how well you are taking care of yourself, so here is a look at that.
When your blood sugar level is in the normal range, you should not have. They’re less than 100 mg/dL if they haven’t eaten for at least 8 hours. And they’re less than 140 mg/dL two hours after they’ve eaten.
This happens most often right before you eat. Most people who don’t have diabetes have blood sugar levels that are around 70 to 80 mg/dL before they eat, but this can vary. For some people, it’s normal to be 60; for other people, it’s 90.
The level of sugar in your blood It also varies a lot. Many people’s glucose levels will never fall below 60, even if they go on a long fast. When you eat less or don’t eat at all, your liver converts fat and muscle into sugar to keep your levels stable. Some people’s levels may go down a little.
A Lot Of Sugar In The Blood
In people with diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the body doesn’t like it. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use blood sugar to make energy. Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is when there is a problem with the body’s ability to break down blood sugar.
This is the easiest way to tell if you have high blood sugar. You can have your blood checked as part of your annual physical. Part of what they’re looking at is your blood glucose level when you haven’t had food. The American Diabetes Association says it’s important that the test be done while you’re not eating or exercising, because it gives a good picture of your normal level of glucose without the effects of these things on your blood sugar level.
70 to 125 mg/dl is the normal range for fasting blood sugar. You might be asked to do another test in a week if you have more than 130 mg/dl. It’s likely that you’ll be asked to take an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) if your results from the second test are too high.
During an OGTT, the patient is asked to drink a lot of glucose in a lot of water. Blood samples are taken at the start and every two hours during the day to see how well the body processes glucose. If your blood sugar levels don’t go down, you may have diabetes. Another way to see if you have high blood sugar is to check your hemoglobin A1c level (HbA1c).
People with high blood glucose compete with oxygen by attaching it to the hemoglobin in their red blood cells, which makes it hard for oxygen to get through. Having a lot of HbA1c can make it hard for cells to get the oxygen they need from blood.
Standard blood glucose tests measure the amount of glucose in your blood at that time. HbA1c, on the other hand, shows the average amount of glucose in your blood over the 120 days that your red blood cells live. People who are healthy should have less than 7% of their hemoglobin in the form of HbA1c, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Self Management Of Diabetes
Understanding blood glucose level ranges can be an important part of taking care of your diabetes on your own.
There are “normal” blood sugar ranges, blood sugar ranges for adults and children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and blood sugar ranges for people who have diabetes.
As long as a person with diabetes is testing their blood sugar, it’s important to know what that means.
The recommended blood glucose levels for each person can be a little different, and you should talk to your doctor about this. Women may also be told to keep their blood sugar levels at a certain level during pregnancy.
In this situation maybe you need self management education & training
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines show the ranges that people should try to stay in. Each person’s target range should be set by their doctor or diabetic consultant.
A Person Who Has Type 1 Diabetes
The pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin if you have type 1 diabetes, so your body doesn’t use insulin. When blood sugar gets into your body, insulin is a hormone that helps it get into the cells where it can be used as fuel.
With out insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells, so it builds up in the bloodstream and can’t be used by the body. A high level of blood sugar is bad for the body and can cause many of the symptoms and problems of diabetes.
Because the body attacks itself by mistake, type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (when the body attacks itself). Beta cells, the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, get wiped out. If this process takes a long time, there may not be any symptoms for a long time.
Some people have certain genes (traits that are passed down from parent to child) that make them more likely to get type 1 diabetes. Many people, even if they have the genes, won’t get type 1 diabetes. It’s also thought that getting a virus in the environment, like when you get sick, can make you more likely to get type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes isn’t caused by what you eat or how you live.
A Person Who Has Type 2 Diabetes
More than 34 million people in the United States have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and about 90%–95% of them have type 2 diabetes. People who are over 45 are most likely to get type 2 diabetes, but more and more kids, teens, and young adults are also getting it.
Your pancreas makes insulin, which works like a key to let blood sugar into the cells in your body so that you can use it as energy. If you have type 2 diabetes, your cells don’t work well with insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Make more insulin: Your pancreas makes more insulin to try and get cells to respond to the insulin.
As time goes on, your pancreas can’t keep up, and your blood sugar rises, setting the stage for type 2 diabetes. It is bad for the body when there is a lot of sugar in the blood. This can cause heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
How do you check your blood sugar level? One way to check one’s own sugar level is to prick a finger with a lancet and put the blood that comes out on a test strip, then put the strip into a glucose monitor to see how high it is. If you have a level-meter, it can show you in about five seconds what your levels are.
You can also take an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to check your own blood sugar level. This test takes longer, but it may also be more accurate. A person’s level will depend on a lot of things, like how old they are, their ethnicity, their weight and height, and the last thing they did. By pricking a finger with a needle to get a drop of blood, you can check your blood sugar.
Following a Meal, Blood Sugar Levels Change
In the short-term, after you eat, your body’s insulin will be able to take the extra sugar out of your blood. In general, your blood sugar levels rise 90 minutes after you eat something. But it will depend on what you ate.
Blood sugar changes all day, but the biggest changes happen around mealtimes. Before you eat, your sugar level should be between 3.9 and 5.5 mmol/L. 1-2 hours after you eat, your blood sugar should be around 5-10 mmol/L.
People with diabetes and pre-diabetes may have trouble keeping their blood sugar in the right ranges if their blood sugar doesn’t stay in these ranges.
In general, blood sugar levels after a meal should be between 70 and 140 mg/dl, says the American Diabetes Association. At least two hours after having a meal, read this. If the levels are lower than 70 mg/dl, it might be because you have low blood sugar.
If your blood sugar is a little above 140 mg/dl, it doesn’t mean that you have diabetes. However, you might need to have an oral glucose tolerance test later on to figure out how high your blood sugar was after you ate.
Breakfast Came After
With diabetes, there are a lot of risks in the morning, so you need to be careful. In the long run, I’ll be able to stay in the “zone” (70-140 mg/dl) a lot longer if I have a well planned breakfast. Instead, I might think back on bad breakfast choices three, five, or even eight hours later.
Mornings aren’t always the best time for a blood sugar spike because of high-carb and sugary food options, insulin resistance and lack of exercise. They also have a lot of time constraints, stress, and caffeine.
Breakfast is also the most likely meal to make people angry: Right now, I don’t feel very good. I did the same thing yesterday and I felt great!
Normal value ranges may be a little different from lab to lab. Many things can affect a person’s blood sugar level. Normal blood sugar regulation, which is called glucose homeostasis, happens when the body’s homeostatic mechanism for blood sugar control (called glucose homeostasis) works well. When this happens, the blood sugar level stays in a narrow range of about 4.4 to 6.1 mg/dL (79 to 110 mg/dL) (as measured by a fasting blood glucose test).
As a rule, blood glucose levels for non-diabetics who haven’t eaten in the morning are between 3.9 and 7.1 mmol L (70 and 130 mg/dL). People around the world have a mean fasting plasma blood glucose level of about 5.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL). However, this level changes during the day. There should be less than 6.9 mmol/L (125 mg/dL) of blood sugar in people who don’t have diabetes and aren’t hungry. It’s important for people with diabetes to keep their blood sugar levels in the 5.0–7.2 mmol/l (90–130 mg/dL) range before eating, and less than 10 mmol/L (180 mg/dL) two hours after eating (as measured by a blood glucose monitor).
Human blood glucose levels usually stay in the normal range even if people eat a lot of carbs in a meal or have a lot of time between meals. Non-diabetics, on the other hand, may see their blood glucose levels rise after they eat, up to 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) or a little more. It is important for people with diabetes to keep their blood sugar levels under “tight control.” The American Diabetes Association recommends a post-meal glucose level of less than 10 mg/L (180 mg/dL), as well as an overnight glucose level of 3.9 to 7.4 mg per dL (70–130 mg/dL).
A very small amount of glucose is found in the blood and other parts of the body. 5.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) is the amount of sugar in a teaspoon for an adult male who weighs 75 kg (165 lb). There are enzymes that add phosphate or other groups to glucose so that it can keep getting into cells. This is why this amount is so small.
Diabetics Should Strive To Maintain Healthy Blood Sugar Levels
People who have diabetes have trouble producing or utilizing adequate insulin, which is the hormone that aids in the conversion of glucose into energy. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) offer guidelines on target blood sugar levels as a starting point for people with diabetes, despite the fact that there is no universal blood sugar chart for everyone with diabetes.
In most cases, healthcare clinicians adjust normal blood sugar goal ranges to fit the needs of each individual with diabetes and their diabetes management plan. This includes taking into account your age and lifestyle.
- Since being diagnosed with diabetes, many years have passed.
- Other medical conditions may also exist.
- The possibility of severe hypoglycemia exists.
- Mood and state of mind
- Economic resources are available to help people achieve their blood sugar targets.
If you have not yet received target glucose levels from your healthcare provider, you can utilize the blood sugar level charts provided below. This will assist you in getting started with at-home testing using a blood glucose meter and will make it easier for you to grasp goal A1C values in the long run.
It’s called hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, when the body can’t break down blood sugar. It’s called glycaemia (blood sugar level), blood sugar concentration, blood glucose level, or glycaemia (blood sugar level). In some ways, the levels you have have an effect on how well you are taking care of your own body.
It’s hard for oxygen to get through the red blood cells of people who have high blood glucose because the hemoglobin in their red blood cells clings to the glucose, which makes it hard for oxygen. If you want to find out if you have high blood sugar, you can check your hemoglobin A1c level (HbA1c).
Read More: Diabetes and Blood Sugar Killers
People should try to stay in the ranges that the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) set for them. For each person, the doctor or diabetic expert who works with them should set a target range that is right for them. A high level of blood sugar is bad for the body and can cause many of the symptoms and problems of diabetes.
It can also make the body more likely to get diabetes. Makes insulin to let blood sugar get into the cells in your body. If you have type 2 diabetes, your cells don’t work well with insulin, so they don’t use it well.
When your insulin levels are too high, your body doesn’t work as well as it should Sugar in the blood is bad for the body. A healthy blood sugar level should be between 70 and 140 mg/dl after a meal. Having low blood sugar could make your level go down. People who aren’t hungry should have less than 6.9 mmol/L (125 mg/dL) of blood sugar.
Diabetics should try to keep their blood sugar levels in the healthy range. They may see their blood sugar levels go up after they eat. The American Diabetes Association says that after a meal, your blood sugar level should be less than 10 mg/L (180 mg/dL).